Authors: Anna A. Vetrova, Olesya I. Sazonova, Anastasia A. Ivanova, Rostislav A. Streletskii, Dmitriy A. Sarzhanov, Maria V. Korneykova, Andrey I. Novikov, Viacheslav I. Vasenev, Kristina V. Ivashchenko, Marina V. Slukovskaya, Olga Gavrichkova


  • Federal Research Center “Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, 142290 Pushchino, Russia
  • Faculty of Soil Science, Laboratory of Ecological Soil Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
  • Agrarian and Technological Institute, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia
  • Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems Subdivision of the Federal Research Center “Kola Science Centre of Russian Academy of Science”, 184209 Apatity, Russia
  • I.V. Tananaev Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Rare Elements and Mineral Raw Materials, Kola Science Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, 184209 Apatity, Russia
  • Soil Geography and Landscape Group, Wageningen University, 6707 Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • Laboratory of Nature-Inspired Technologies and Environmental Safety of the Arctic Region, Kola Science Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, 184209 Apatity, Russia
  • Research Institute on Terrestrial Ecosystems, National Research Council, 05010 Porano, Italy

Publication: MDPI

Date: February, 2023

Link: Diversity of Microbial Communities, PAHs, and Metals in Road and Leaf Dust of Functional Zones of Moscow and Murmansk


The impact of geographical factors, functional zoning, and biotope type on the diversity of microbial communities and chemical components in the dust of urban ecosystems was studied. Comprehensive analyses of bacterial and fungal communities, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and metals in road and leaf dust in three urban zones of Murmansk and Moscow with contrasting anthropogenic load were conducted. We found that the structure of bacterial communities affected the functional zoning of the city, biotope type, and geographical components. Fungal communities were instead impacted only by biotope type. Our findings revealed that the structure of fungal communities was mostly impacted by PAHs whereas bacterial communities were sensitive to metals. Bacteria of the genus Sphingomonas in road and leaf dust as indicators of the ecological state of the urban ecosystems were proposed.