Authors: Serena Varotto, Tamar Krugman, Riccardo Aiese Cigliano, Khalil Kashkush, Ankica Kondić-Špika, Fillipos A. Aravanopoulos, Monica Pradillo, Federica Consiglio, Riccardo Aversano, Ales Pecinka, and Dragana Miladinović

Institutions:

  • Department of Agronomy Animal Food Natural Resources and Environment, University of Padova, Italy
  • Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Israel
  • Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, Israel
  • Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Serbia
  • Faculty of Agriculture, Forest Science & Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Department of Genetics, Physiology and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
  • Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources, National Research Council (CNR), Italy
  • Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
  • Institute of Experimental Botany, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Czech Republic
  • Sequentia Biotech, Spain

Publication: Theoretical and Applied Genetics 

Date: June, 2022

Link: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04122-y 

Abstract:

Crop wild relatives (CWRs) are recognized as the best potential source of traits for crop improvement. However, successful crop improvement using CWR relies on identifying variation in genes controlling desired traits in plant germplasms and subsequently incorporating them into cultivars. Epigenetic diversity may provide an additional layer of variation within CWR and can contribute novel epialleles for key traits for crop improvement. There is emerging evidence that epigenetic variants of functional and/or agronomic importance exist in CWR gene pools. This provides a rationale for the conservation of epigenotypes of interest, thus contributing to agrobiodiversity preservation through conservation and (epi)genetic monitoring. Concepts and techniques of classical and modern breeding should consider integrating recent progress in epigenetics, initially by identifying their association with phenotypic variations and then by assessing their heritability and stability in subsequent generations. New tools available for epigenomic analysis offer the opportunity to capture epigenetic variation and integrate it into advanced (epi)breeding programmes. Advances in -omics have provided new insights into the sources and inheritance of epigenetic variation and enabled the efficient introduction of epi-traits from CWR into crops using epigenetic molecular markers, such as epiQTLs.