Authors: Haytham Hamedeh, Shaula Antoni, Lorenzo Cocciaglia and Valentina Ciccolini
- Department of Research and Development, FertiGlobal Division, SCL Italia S.p.A, Via Fabio Filzi, 25/A, 20124 Milan, Italy
Acknowledgements: We would like to thank: Sequentia Biotech SL for their assistance in RNA-seq and qPCR analysis
Date: February, 2022
Plant biostimulants are being recognized as innovative tools to improve sustainable agricultural practices to mitigate the drastic effects of climate change, which is leading to a severe reduction in agricultural yields. In this work, a new biostimulant (EnNuVi® ALPAN®) was evaluated for its effectiveness on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill. cv. Rio Grande) plants subjected to water deficit conditions. The molecular effects were elucidated through transcriptomic RNA-seq and gene expression qPCR analysis and the physiological responses were evaluated through qualitative analysis of pigments and proline content, membrane stability, and lipid peroxidation. ALPAN® was shown to adjust the transcriptional response by upregulating genes involved in source to sink carbohydrate metabolism and translocation, stomatal closure, and cell homeostasis. ALPAN® was shown to mitigate the deteriorating effects of water deficit on the physiological status of the plants by stabilizing the levels of the photosynthetic pigments, regulating the accumulation of osmo-protectants, and preserving the cell wall lipid bilayer from oxidation. In conclusion, transcriptomic and physiological analysis provided insightful information on the biostimulant effects, indicating a positive role of ALPAN® foliar application in alleviating the negative costs of water deficit.