Covadonga Vara, Andreu Paytuví-Gallart, Yasmina Cuartero, François Le Dily, Francisca Garcia, Judit Salvà-Castro, Laura Gómez-H, Eva Julià, Catia Moutinho, Riccardo Aiese Cigliano, Walter Sanseverino, Oscar Fornas, Alberto M Pendás, Holger Heyn, Paul D Waters, Marc A Marti-Renom, Aurora Ruiz-Herrera
Mammalian gametogenesis involves dramatic and tightly regulated chromatin remodeling, whose regulatory pathways remain largely unexplored. Here, we generate a comprehensive high-resolution structural and functional atlas of mouse spermatogenesis by combining in situ chromosome conformation capture sequencing (Hi-C), RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) of CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) and meiotic cohesins, coupled with confocal and super-resolution microscopy. Spermatogonia presents well-defined compartment patterns and topological domains. However, chromosome occupancy and compartmentalization are highly re-arranged during prophase I, with cohesins bound to active promoters in DNA loops out of the chromosomal axes.