- National Research Council of Italy Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources (CNR-IBBR), Via Università 133, 80055 Portici, Italy
- Sequentia Biotech, Barcelona, Spain
- Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Universita’ 100, 80055 Portici, Italy
- Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’Analisi dell’Economia Agraria, Centro Di Ricerca Orticultura e Florovivaismo (CREA-OF), Via Cavalleggeri, 25, 84098 Pontecagnano Faiano SA, Italy
Publication: DNA Research
Date: April, 2018
Full paper: Whole-genome re-sequencing of two Italian tomato landraces reveals sequence variations in genes associated with stress tolerance, fruit quality and long shelf-life traits
Tomato is a high value crop and the primary model for fleshy fruit development and ripening. Breeding priorities include increased fruit quality, shelf life and tolerance to stresses. To contribute towards this goal, we re-sequenced the genomes of Corbarino (COR) and Lucariello (LUC) landraces, which both possess the traits of plant adaptation to water deficit, prolonged fruit shelf-life and good fruit quality. Through the newly developed pipeline Reconstructor, we generated the genome sequences of COR and LUC using datasets of 65.8 M and 56.4 M of 30–150 bp paired-end reads, respectively. New contigs including reads that could not be mapped to the tomato reference genome were assembled, and a total of 43, 054 and 44, 579 gene loci were annotated in COR and LUC. Both genomes showed novel regions with similarity to Solanum pimpinellifolium and Solanum pennellii. In addition to small deletions and insertions, 2, 000 and 1, 700 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could exert potentially disruptive effects on 1, 371 and 1, 201 genes in COR and LUC, respectively. A detailed survey of the SNPs occurring in fruit quality, shelf life and stress tolerance related-genes identified several candidates of potential relevance. Variations in ethylene response components may concur in determining peculiar phenotypes of COR and LUC.